As said, female foeticide is an ever-growing menace in Indian societies, and there is ample evidence. Censuses and surveys bring about seriously threatening statistics and figures. According to the latest Census 2011, the overall sex ratio in India is 940 females per 1000 males. This may seem insignificant – why’s 60 less girls such a big issue? However, consider the massive population of India of over 1.22 billion, and do your math right and you’ll see the gravity of the situation. A deficit of 60 females per 1000 males, translates into a deficit of about 37 million (3.7 crore) females in India – and that is a huge figure.
In a natural world, without sex selective abortion, the sex ratio should be approximately 980 females per 1000 males (this is evolution’s way of correcting for the higher infant mortality rate in boys, than girls, so the sex ratio is balanced by the onset of early adulthood in females – amongst several other factors). Do some more math, and you’ll realize that there are 12 million less females in India than there should be.
Things get worse when we delve into statistics concerning infants and children. The child sex ratio (0-6 years) is 914 girls per 1000 boys, an alarming decline from 927 in 2001 (and 945 in 1991, and 962 in 1981) – the lowest recorded since Independence. States like Punjab and Haryana have child sex ration as low as 846 and 830, respectively. And the worst of them all, the secondary sex ratio (i.e. at birth) in India is 893 girls per 1000 boys, whereas the natural sex ratio at birth is estimated to be 943.
These figures are seriously startling and establish this issue as a major cause of worry. India’s figures lie far below what they should be, naturally. India’s sex ratio is lower than the world average of 990 females per 1000 males, and it ranks third in lowest secondary sex ratios in the world and fourteenth in lowest primary sex ratios. These statistics are enough to set alarm bells ringing, and inevitably call for immediate and severe action.